27 Feb When is the Next Recession? And How it Will Impact California’s Housing Market?
As we head into 2018, we find ourselves a full decade out from the last debilitating U.S. recession. The resulting economic depression and protracted recovery were followed by years of secular stagnation, a condition in which some economists say we’re still stuck.
Technically, the economic recovery began in 2009. Since then the economy has been expanding — albeit slowly.
The current economic expansion has lasted over eight years. In contrast, the average expansion lasts just under five years. This begs the question — is another recession imminent?
Timing the next recession
For an answer to when the next recession will occur, first look to the yield spread. The yield spread is the difference between the:
- 10-year Treasury Note rate — representing bond market confidence in the economy; and
- short-term borrowing rate — representing the Federal Reserve’s (the Fed’s) actions to shrink or grow the economy.
The yield spread indicates the likelihood of a recession one year forward. As the yield spread approaches zero, the likelihood of a recession rises. Whenever the figure dips below zero, a recession will almost certainly occur within the next 12 months.
The yield spread in late-2017 is just above 1%, at 1.12% in November 2017. This is down from 1.69% a year earlier. Today’s yield spread figure represents a moderate chance of recession — and more certainly an economic slowdown — by the end of 2018.
Further, as the Fed continues to increase their benchmark interest rate in 2018 and investors accept lower returns on their investments in exchange for the safety of the 10-year Treasury Note, the yield spread figure will fall closer to zero. Therefore, a recession will likely set in by late-2018 or early-2019.
Housing in the next recession: what it means to you
The housing market had a significant role to play in the cause of the last recession and its fitful recovery. During the Millennium Boom, home values became vastly inflated, causing a housing bubble that many in real estate failed to notice (or deliberately chose to ignore). The ensuing crash rippled across all economic sectors, carrying with it distrust in the housing market that persists in some spheres today.
However, the next recession won’t mirror the exact contours of recessions past. Of note for real estate practitioners, the next recession won’t be as inextricably linked to housing and the fallout will not cast the same degree of shadow over the industry.
A September 2017 Zillow survey of economists found U.S. housing will only be moderately impacted by the next recession. This is also likely to be true here in California, where current demand for homes is not even close to being met by available inventory.
Further, unlike the 2008 recession, the housing market won’t be the primary catalyst of the next recession. Rather, the next recession will likely be caused by a different set of changing circumstances, such as a stock market correction, a geopolitical crisis, or even a regular Fed-induced business recession.
While the next recession won’t be deeply felt in the housing industry, real estate professionals still ought to do their research and prepare for a slowdown in home sales.
Preparations real estate agents and brokers can take today include:
- increasing transaction volume before the crash;
- expanding their client base by growing and fastidiously grooming their FARM; and
- putting away a larger percentage of their income into savings.
Source – First Tuesday Journal